Halloween has been and gone, now the UK is getting ready for the next autumnal celebration: Guy Fawkes Night.
Guy Fawkes Night is also referred to as Bonfire Night, or Fireworks Night. It is on the 5th November every year in the UK to remember the day the Gunpowder Plot failed. The Gunpowder Plot was a planned assassination of King James I during the State Opening of England’s Parliament on 5th November 1605.
The Plot failed due to authorities receiving an anonymous letter on 26 October 1605 which was sent to William Parker, the 4th Baron Monteagle. The letter revealed the plotted assassination of the King on the 5th November. As the authorities were made aware of the Plot, they ordered a search of the House of Lords on the 4th November 1605 and at midnight, they found Guy Fawkes guarding 36 barrels of gunpowder - enough to reduce the House of Lords to rubble. Guy Fawkes was arrested on the spot and the gunpowder explosives were ceased by authorities. Most of those involved in the Plot fled from London as they learned of the Plot's discovery. Several plotters made a stand against the pursuing Sheriff of Worcester at Holbeche House. Many men were shot and killed.
Once Guy Fawkes was arrested and the news that the Plot had failed reached the public, people celebrated the survival of King James I by lighting bonfires. Over time, people started to celebrate with fireworks too as fireworks were traditionally made with gunpowder. Therefore, the same celebration has different names.
On the 27th January 1606, the eight known plotters who survived, including Guy Fawkes, were sentenced to be hanged, drawn and quartered.
Today, Guy Fawkes Night is still celebrated with fireworks, bonfires and sparklers. There is even a saying of “remember remember the 5th of November” so that we remember the day the Plot failed.